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2018年6月大学英语四级仔细阅读解析

2019-10-23 07:26

  Passage Two

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级仔细阅读解析:

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

  Section C

  You probably know about the Titanic, but it was actually just one of three state-of-the art (最先进的) ocean ships back in the day。 The Olympic class ships were built by the Harland & Wolff ship makers in Northern Ireland for the White Star Line company。 The Olympic class included the Olympic, the Britannic and the Titanic。 What you may not know is that the Titanic wasn’t even the flagship of this class。 All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  The Olympic launched first in 1910, followed by the Titanic in 1911, and lastly the Britannic in 1914。 The ships had nine decks, and White Star Line decided to focus on marking them the most luxurious ships on the water。

  Passage One

  Stretching 269.13 meters, the Olympic class ship were wonders of naval technology, and everyone thought that they would continue to be so for quite some time。 However, all suffered terrible accidents on the open seas。 The Olympic got wrecked before the Titanic did, but it was the only one survive and maintain a successful career of 24 years。 The Titanic was the first to sink after famously hitting a huge iceberg in 1912。 Following this disaster, the Britannic hit a naval mine in 1916 and subsequently sank as well。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Each ship was coal-powered by several boilers constantly kept running by exhausted crews below deck。 Most recognizable of the ship designs are the ship‘s smoke stacks, but the fourth stack was actually just artistic in nature and served no functional purpose。 While two of these ship sank, they were all designed with double hulls (船体) believed to make them “unsinkable”, perhaps a mistaken idea that led to the Titanic’s and the Britannic‘s tragic end。

  46。 Living in an urban area with green spaces has a long-lasting positive impact on people’s mental well-being, a study has suggested, UK researchers found moving to a green space had a sustained positive effect, unlike pay rises or promotions, which only provided a short –term boost。 Co-author Mathew White, from the University of Exeter, UK, explained that the study showed people living in greener urban areas were displaying fewer signs of depression or anxiety。 “There could be a number of reasons。” he said, “for example, 47。 people do many things to make themselves happier; they strive for promotion or pay rises, or they get married。 But the trouble with those things is that within six months to a year, people are back to their original baseline levels of well-being。 So, these things are not sustainable; they don’t make us happy in the long term。 We found that for some lottery  winners who had won more than £500,000 the positive effect was definitely there, but after six months to a year, they were back to the baseline。”

  The Olympic suffered two crashes with other ships and went on to serve as a hospital ship and troop transport in World WarⅠ。 Eventually, she was taken out of service in 1935, ending the era of the luxurious Olympic class ocean liners。

  48。 Dr。 White said his team wanted to see whether living in greener urban areas has a lasting positive effect on people’s sense of well-being or whether the effect also disappeared after a period of time。 To do this, the team used data from the British Household Panel Survey compiled by University of Essex。

  51。 What does the passage say about the three Olympic class ships?

  Explaining what the data revealed, he said: “what you see is that even after three years, mental health is still better, which is unlike many other things that we think will make us happy。” 49。 He observed that people living in green spaces were less stressed, and less sensible decisions and communicated better。

  A) They performed marvelously on the sea。

  With a growing body of evidence establishing a link between urban green spaces and a positive impact on human well-being。 Dr。 White said, “There’s growing interest among public policy officials, but the trouble is who funds it。 50。 what we really need at a policy level is to decide where the money will come from to help support good quality local green spaces。”

  B) They could all break the ice in their way。

  46。 According to one study, what do green spaces do to people?

  C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  A) Improve their work efficiency。

  D) They were models of modern engineering。

  B) Add to their sustained happiness。

  52。 What did White Star line have in mind when it purchased the three ships?

  C) Help them build a positive attitude towards life。

  A) Their capacity of sailing across all waters。

  D) Lesson their concerns about material well-being。

  B) The utmost comfort passengers could enjoy。

  47。 What does Dr。 White say people usually do to make themselves happier?

  C)Their ability to survive disasters of any kind。

  A) Earn more money。 C) Gain fame and popularity。

  D)The long voyages they were able to undertake。

  B) Settle in an urban area。 D) Live in a green environment。

  53。 What is said about the fourth stack of the ships?

  48。 What does Dr。 White try to find out about living in a greener urban area?

  A) It was a mere piece of decoration。

  A) How it affects different people。 C) How long its positive effect lasts。

  B) It was the work of a famous artist。

  B) How strong its positive effect is。 D) How it benefits people physically。

  C) It was designed to let out extra smoke。

  49。 What did Dr。 White research reveal about people living in a green environment?

  D) It was easily identifiable from afar。

  A) Their stress was more apparent than real。

  54。 What might have led to the tragic end of the Titanic and the Britannic?

  B) Their decisions required less deliberation。

  A) Their unscientific designs。

  C) Their memories were greatly strengthened。

  B) Their captains’ misjudgment。

  D) Their communication with others improved。

  C) The assumption that they were built with the latest technology。

  50。 According to Dr。 White, what should the government do to build more green spaces in cities?

  D) The belied that they could never sink with a double-layer body。

  A) Find financial support。

  55。 What happened to the ship Olympic in the end?

  B) Improve urban planning。

  A) She was used to carry troops。

  C) Involve local residents in the effort。

  B) She was sunk in World War I。

  D) Raise public awareness of the issue。

  C) She was converted into a hospital ship。

  答案:

  D) She was retired after her naval service。

  46。 B 47。 A 48。 C 49。 D 50。 A

  51。 C) They all experienced terrible misfortunes。

  Passage Two

  解析:题干关键词the three Olympic class ships。根据顺序原则回原文定位到第一段最后一句话 “All in all, the Olympic class ships were marvels of sea engineering, but they seemed cursed to suffer disastrous fates。”重点在but转折后,文意这三艘船似乎都被诅咒遭遇遭遇灾难性的命运。故答案选择C.terrible misfortunes是 disastrous fates的同义转换。

  Questions 51 to 55 are based on the following passage。

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